Kri-Kri the Cretan Ibex
The kri-kri , sometimes called the Cretan goat, Agrimi, or Cretan Ibex, is a feral
goat inhabiting the Eastern Mediterranean, previously considered a subspecies of wild goat. The kri-kri is now
found only on the island of Crete, Greece and three small islands just offshore (Dia, Thodorou and Agii
The kri-kri has a light brownish coat with a darker band around its neck. It has two horns that sweep back
from the head. In the wild they are shy and avoid tourists, resting during the day. The animal can leap some
distance or climb seemingly sheer cliffs.
The kri-kri is not thought to be indigenous to Crete, most likely having been imported to the island during the
time of the Minoan civilization. Nevertheless, it is found nowhere else and is therefore endemic to Crete. It
was once common throughout the Aegean but the peaks of the 2,400 m (8,000 ft) White Mountains of
Western Crete are their last strongholds--particularly a series of almost vertical 900 m (3,000 ft) cliffs called
'the Untrodden'—at the head of the Samaria Gorge. This mountain range, which hosts another 14 endemic
animal species, is protected as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. In total, their range extends to the White
Mountains, the Samaria National Forest and the islets of Dia, Thodorou, and Agii Pandes. Recently some
were introduced onto two more islands.
By 1960, the kri-kri was under threat, with a population below 200. It had been the only meat available to
mountain guerillas during the German occupation in World War II. Its status was one reasons why the
Samaria Gorge became a national park in 1962. There are still only about 2,000 animals on the island and
they are considered vulnerable: hunters still seek them for their tender meat, grazing grounds have become
scarcer and disease has affected them. Hybridization is also a threat, as the population has interbred with
ordinary goats. Hunting them is strictly prohibited.
Archaeological excavations have found several wall paintings of the kri-kri. Some academics believe that the animal was worshiped during antiquity. On the island, males are often called 'agrimi' ('the wild one'), while the name 'Sanada' is used for the female. The kri-kri is a symbol of the island, much used in tourism marketing and official literature.
As molecular analyses demonstrate, the kri-kri is not, as previously thought, a distinct subspecies of wild goat. Rather, it is a feral domestic goat, derived from the first stocks of goats domesticated in the Levant and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean around 8000-7500 BCE. Therefore, it represents a nearly ten- thousand-year-old "snapshot" of the first domestication of goats.
In any case, the kri-kri is an emblem of Crete and has immense cultural significance there. Legally however, endangered species legislation would likely not apply (as this does not cover feral populations), but similar cases elsewhere have been covered under cultural heritage protection laws.